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Complementació verbal:
Llista de verbs


ÍNDEX

admit
advise
afford
agree
allow
arrange
ask
authorize
avoid
beg
begin began begun
bother
can't help
can't stand
cause
claim
consider
contemplate
continue
dare
decide
delay
deny
deserve
discover
discuss
dread
encourage
end up
enjoy
expect
explain
feel felt felt
finish
forbid forbade forbidden
forget forgot forgotten
guarantee
hate
have had had
hear heard heard
help
hesitate
hope
imagine
inform
insist
intend
justify
keep kept kept
know knew known
learn
let let let
like
long
love
make made made
manage
mean meant meant
mind
miss
need
neglect
notice
offer
order
permit
plan
practice
pray
prefer
pretend
promise
quit quit quit
recommend
refuse
regret
remember
remind
request
require
resist
risk
see saw seen
seem
start
stop
suggest
teach taught taught
tell told told
tempt
think thought thought
try
urge
want
watch

admitreconèixer, confessar
GERUNDI
  They admitted breaking the windowpane.
  Van admetre que havien trencat el vidre de la finestra.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) They admitted (that) they'd broken the windowpane.
  Van admetre que havien trencat el vidre de la finestra.
  2) They won't admit what they know is true.
  No reconeixaran el que saben que és veritat.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  He admitted where he was wrong.
  Va reconèixer on s'havia equivocat.

Índex
adviseaconsellar, informar
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  The doctor advised him to live in a dry climate.
  El metge li va aconsellar que visqués en un clima sec.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  They advised me who to see.
  Em van aconsellar a qui hauria de veure.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  The witness stated that the defendant advised him where he would be.
  El testimoni declarà que l'acusat el va informar on seria.

Índex
affordpermetre's, tenir recursos econòmics
TO INFINITIVE
  We can't afford to buy a new car now.
  No ens podem permetre comprar ara un cotxe nou.

GERUNDI
  We can no longer afford living in Sant Cugat.
  Ja no ens podem permetre viure a Sant Cugat.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  Jordi's father could not afford for him to go to school until he was ten.
  El pare d'en Jordi no tenia els recursos econòmics perquè en Jordi anés a l'escola fins que va tenir deu anys.

Índex
agreeacordar, estar d'acord, posar-se d'acord
TO INFINITIVE
  1) At last she agreed to do it.
  Per fi ella va estar d'acord a fer-ho.
  2) We agreed to be the ones responsible.
  Vam estar d'acord de ser els responsables.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) We agreed for them to use our song.
  Vam acordar que fessin servir la nostra cançó.
  2) They agreed for him to stop by from time to time.
  Van acordar que ell de tant en tant passés per allà.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  We can't agree when to have the wedding.
  No ens podem posar d'acord sobre quan farem el casament.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  We all agree (that) the city is beautifully laid out.
  Tots estem d'acord que la ciutat és meravellosament planificada.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Few scholars agree where the term «positivistic theory» came from.
  Pocs especialistes estan d'acord sobre on va originar el terme «teoria positivística».

Índex
allowpermetre, admetre
TO INFINITIVE
  Are you allowed to leave the grounds?
  Us és permès anar-vos-en del recinte?

GERUNDI
  They don't allow sleeping on the lawn.
  No permeten que es dormi a la gespa.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I refuse to allow my children to see this film.
  Em nego a permetre que els meus fills vegin aquesta pel·lícula.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  Justice Ginsberg allowed that it didn't really make much difference.
  El jutge Ginsberg admetia que era si fa no fa igual.

Índex
arrange acordar, convenir
TO INFINITIVE
  They arranged to have their meetings every Thursday evening.
  Han convingut de fer les reunions cada dijous al vespre.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We've arranged for you to see the president.
  Vam convenir que veiessis el president.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  We arranged that he (should) work there on Tuesdays.
  Vam acordar que hi treballés els dimarts.

Índex
askdemanar, convidar, preguntar
TO INFINITIVE
  We asked to speak to the owner.
  Vam demanar de parlar amb el propietari.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) We asked them to speak to the owner.
  Vam demanar que ells parlessin amb el propietari.
  2) The worried mother has asked us to help her.
  La mare, amoïnada, ens ha demanat que l'ajudéssim.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  I asked her where to go.
  Li he demanat on anar.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) We asked them when/what time the restaurant would open.
  Els vam preguntar quan / a quina hora obriria el restaurant.
  2) The cook asked her how she wanted her eggs.
  El cuiner li va demanar com volia els ous.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  We asked that everyone be prepared.
  Vam demanar que tothom estigués preparat

Índex
authorizeautoritzar
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  Thailand authorizes its citizens to be able to connect to the Internet.
  Tailàndia autoritza que els ciutadans puguin connectar-se a Internet.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) He authorized that the subject be searched.
  Va autoritzar que els sospitós fos escorcollat.
  2) You'd need to change the law to authorize what the President is now doing.
  Hauries de canviar la llei per a autoritzar el que fa el president ara.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  I authorize that it be shown to the public.
  L'autoritzo que sigui ensenyat al públic.

Índex
avoidevitar
GERUNDI
  1) She avoids speaking to foreigners.
  Ella evita parlar amb els estrangers.
  2) I try to avoid going shopping on Saturdays.
  Intento evitar anar a comprar el dissabte.

Índex
begdemanar ardentment, suplicar
TO INFINITIVE
  They begged to come with us.
  Van demanar ardentment venir amb nosaltres.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  He begged her to stay with him.
  La va suplicar perquè s'hi quedés amb ell.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We begged for him to give us proof.
  El vam suplicar perquè ens donés proves.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  The nuns begged that someone send help at once.
  Les monges demanaren ardentment que de seguida s'hi enviés ajut.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  The nuns begged that help be sent at once.
  Les monges demanaren ardentment que de seguida s'hi enviés ajut.

Índex
begin began beguncomençar
TO INFINITIVE
  I began to get suspicious when they never returned my calls.
  Vaig començar a malfiar-me'n quan no em tornaven mai les trucades.

GERUNDI
  They generally don't begin working until they've chatted awhile.
  No solen començar a treballar fins que hagin xerrat una estona.

Índex
botherprendre's la molèstia
TO INFINITIVE
  They never bothered to let us know.
  Mai no es van prendre la molèstia de fer-nos-ho saber.

GERUNDI
  Here are some questions you've probably never bothered thinking (to think) about.
  Vet aquí unes preguntes sobre les quals probablement no t'hagis pres mai la molèstia de pensar.

Índex
can't helpno poder evitar, no poder estar-se, no poder controlar
GERUNDI
  1) Teenagers can't help doing what their friends do.
  Els adolescents no es poden estar de fer el que fan els seus amics.
  2) I can't help thinking there has to be a better solution.
  No em puc estar de pensar que ha d'haver-hi una solució millor.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  I can't help that I get bored easily.
  No puc evitar que m'avorreixi fàcilment.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) I can't help who I fall in love with. No one can.
  No puc controlar de qui m'enamoro. Ningú no ho pot fer.
  2) You can't help what people think of you.
  No es pot controlar què pensa la gent de tu.

Índex
can't standno suportar
GERUNDI
  1) They can't stand being alone.
  No suporten estar sols.
  2) I can't stand traveling for longer than two weeks.
  No suporto viatjar durant més de dues setmanes.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I couldn't stand for them to think it was my fault.
  No suportava que pensessin que jo tenia la culpa.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I couldn't stand them laughing at me.
  No suportava que es riguessin de mi.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I can't stand that he never even hugs me.
  No suporto que ni tan sols m'abraci.
  2) She couldn't stand what was going on.
  Ella no suportava el que estava passant.
  3) I can't stand that you just want to be friends.
  No suporto que només vulguis que siguem amics.

Índex
causeprovocar, fer
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) The fire caused them to flee the apartment because of poisonous smoke.
  El foc va provocar que haguéssin de fugir del pis a causa del fum verinós.
  2) The change you suggest would cause us to make other adjustments.
  El canvi que suggereixes ens faria fer altres modificacions.

Índex
claimasseverar, sostenir, pretendre
TO INFINITIVE
  1) The detectives claim to have solved the case.
  Els detectius asseveren haver solucionat el cas.
  2) He claims to know how to commit the perfect crime.
  Pretén saber cometre el crim perfecte.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) He claimed (that) he was a king.
  Va asseverar que era un rei.
  2) The coal company claims (that) they aren't responsible for the pollution.
  L'empresa de carbó sosté que no són responsables de la contaminació.

Índex
considerconsiderar, pensar
GERUNDI
  Have you ever considered running for mayor?
  Has pensat mai a presentar-te com a candidat a l'alcaldia?

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) Have you considered (that) he may be waiting for you to call him?
  Has considerat que és possible que esperi que li truquis?
  2) No punishment would be adequate considering what he did.
  Cap càstig no seria adequat considerant el que va fer.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  We have to consider who should control these risks.
  Hem de considerar qui hauria de controlar aquests riscos.

Índex
contemplatecontemplar
GERUNDI
  We didn't contemplate running tests with Windows in French.
  No vam contemplar fer proves amb Windows en francès.

Índex
continuecontinuar
TO INFINITIVE
  When Jews left Spain and Portugal they continued to speak Ladino.
  Quan els jueus se'n van anar d'Espanya i de Portugal van continuar parlant ladino.

GERUNDI
  They continued driving even though it was raining so hard they could barely see.
  Continuaven conduint tot i que plovia tant que amb prou feines s'hi veien.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Let's continue where we left off yesterday.
  Continuem on ahir vam acabar.

Índex
dareatrevir, gosar, desafiar
TO INFINITIVE
  Would you dare to go naked on the beach?
  Et gosaries a anar despullat a la platja?

SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  I didn't dare talk to my boss about it.
  No m'atrevia a parlar-ne amb el cap.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I dare you to tell her the truth.
  Et desafio a dir-li la veritat.

Índex
decidedecidir
TO INFINITIVE
  We've decided to close down the shop.
  Hem decidit tancar permanentment la botiga.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  They can never decide what to do once they're there.
  Mai no saben decidir què fer un cop allà.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) We decided (that) he'd be better off at a cheaper hotel.
  Vam decidir que estaria millor en un hotel més econòmic.
  2) Soon we'll have to decide what the next step should be.
  Aviat haurem de decidir quin hauria de ser el proper pas.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  They couldn't decide who should receive the money.
  No podien decidir qui hauria de rebre els diners.

Índex
delayendarrerir, retardar
GERUNDI
  1) I always delayed going to see a dentist until there was actual pain.
  Sempre retardava anar a cal dentista fins que hi hagi dolor de debò.
  2) Hospital officials delayed informing the families of those affected.
  Els oficials de l'hospital van endarrerir d'informar les famílies dels afectats.

Índex
denynegar
GERUNDI
  1) Peter denied knowing Jesus three times.
  Pere negà (conèixer) Jesús tres vegades.
  2) He denies having ever had dealings with the victim.
  Nega haver tingut mai tractes amb la víctima.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) He denied (that) the money was his.
  Va negar que els diners fossin seus.
  2) He denies what his wife already admits.
  Nega el que la seva dona ja reconeix.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  You can't deny where you come from.
  No pots negar d'on véns.

Índex
deservemerèixer
TO INFINITIVE
  1) He deserves to be on the starting team.
  Mereix ser a l'onze inicial.
  2) We deserve to know the truth.
  Mereixem saber la veritat.

Índex
discoverdescobrir
THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) We discovered (that) the statue was a fake.
  Vam descobrir que l'estàtua era una falsificació.
  2) Discover what other people are really thinking!
  Descobreix el que els altres veritablement pensen!

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  I've discovered why the children have been so quiet lately.
  He descobert per què els nens estan tan quiets últimament.

Índex
discussparlar de, discutir (examinar en detall una qüestió)
GERUNDI
  We discussed having several levels of membership.
  Parlàvem de tenir uns quants nivells de socis.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  We discussed my/him doing a promotional video.
  Parlàvem de la possibilitat que jo/ell faci un vídeo promocional.

Índex
dreadtenir por de, tenir pànic a, horroritzar-se
TO INFINITIVE
  I dread to think what might have happened.
  M'horroritzo de pensar en el que podia haver passat.

GERUNDI
  I dread having to meet his parents.
  Tinc molta por d'haver de conèixer els seus pares.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I dread (that) the doorbell will ring.
  Tinc por/pànic que soni el timbre de la porta.
  2) I dread what I may be forced to do.
  M'horroritza el que podria ser obligat a fer.

Índex
encourageencoratjar
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We've encouraged them to continue in a positive direction.
  Els hem encoratjat a continuar en una direcció positiva.

Índex
end upacabar
GERUNDI
  We ended up staying home.
  Vam acabar quedant-nos a casa.

Índex
enjoygaudir (de); agradar
GERUNDI
  I enjoy going for walks.
  Gaudeixo passejant.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  She didn't enjoy my/him being away so long.
   No li agradava que jo/ell estigués tant temps fora.

WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  We must learn to enjoy what we have at hand.
  Hem de saber gaudir del que tenim a l'abast.

Índex
expectesperar, suposar, exigir
TO INFINITIVE
  1) He didn't expect to see me so soon.
  No esperava veure'm tan aviat (no pensava que era probable).
  2) I expect to have this done by Thursday.
  Espero tenir això acabat per dijous (hi confio).

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) We expect you to help us.
  Esperem que ens ajudin (ho exigim).
  2) Borrowers are expected to return books on time.
  S'espera que els qui fan préstec dels llibres els retornin puntualment.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I expect (that) I'll have this done by tomorrow.
  Espero (El més probable és) que tingui això acabat per a demà (hi confio).
  2) I expected that he would show up at ten.
  Esperava que vingués a les deu.
  3) I expected that he would have left anyway.
  Suposo que, de tota manera, hauria marxat.

Índex
explainexplicar
THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) She explained that there were many factors to take into account.
  Va explicar que hi havia molts factors a tenir en compte.
  2) He explained what his company does.
  Explicava el que fa la seva empresa.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  The police refused to explain how they had uncovered the evidence.
  La policia es va negar a explicar com havien descobert l'evidència.

Índex
feel felt feltconsiderar, sentir
COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  1) I (can) feel a spider crawling up my leg.
  Sento que una aranya em puja per la cama.
  2) I could feel the sweat trickling down my back.
  Sentia que la suor s'escorria per l'esquena.
  3) I felt her pulling on my arm.
  La sentia tibant-me el braç.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  1) I felt her stir beside me.
  La sentia bellugar-se al meu costat.
  2) He felt the earth move under his feet.
  Sentia bellugar la terra a sota els peus.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  I feel (that) I should be doing more to help her.
  Considero que hauria de fer més per a ajudar-la.

Índex
finishacabar
GERUNDI
  She hasn't finished dressing yet.
  Encara no ha acabat de vestir-se.

Índex
forbid forbade forbiddenprohibir
TO INFINITIVE
  He was forbidden to have his meals with the others.
  Li era prohibit menjar (fer els àpats) amb els altres.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  They forbade us to talk about it.
  Van prohibir que en parléssim.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) Our duty forbids that we allow these injustices.
  El nostre deure prohibeix que permetem aquestes injustícies.
  2) I can't forbid what your father allows.
  No puc prohibir el que permet el teu pare.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  The authorities have forbidden that he be released.
  Les autoritats han prohibit que estigués posat en llibertat.

Índex
forget forgot forgottenoblidar, descuidar-se de
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I forgot to tell you that Rosa called.
  M'he oblidat de dir-te que ha trucat la Rosa.
  2) Don't forget to lock the door.
  No t'oblidis de tancar amb clau la porta.

GERUNDI
  1) How could I ever forget meeting Frank Zappa?
  Com podria oblidar mai d'haver conegut Frank Zappa?
  2) She would never forget seeing the Himalayas for the first time.
  Mai no oblidaria d'haver vist per primera vegada l'Himàlaia.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I'd forgotten him saying that.
  M'havia oblidat que ell havia dit això.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  After ten years living in the same place, I forgot where to turn when going to work.
  Després de deu anys vivint al mateix lloc, em vaig oblidar on girar quan anava a la feina.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I forgot that they were coming tomorrow.
  He oblidat que vénen demà.
  2) My husband always forgets what I tell him to do.
  El meu marit sempre oblida el que li dic que faci.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) I've forgotten where I put them.
  He oblidat on els vaig posar.
  2) Don't forget who you're married to!
  No oblidis amb qui ets casat!

Índex
guaranteegarantir, assegurar
TO INFINITIVE
  1) We guarantee to make any necessary repairs at no cost during the first two years.
  Garantim que farem durant els primers dos anys de franc, qualsevol reparació necessària.
  2) Just looking at a picture of the sea is guaranteed to make me feel sick.
  Només una mirada a una foto del mar garanteix que em posi malalt.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  We guarantee our tuxedos to fit, or they're free.
  Garantim que els nostres esmòquings es posaran bé i, si no, seran gratis.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) The £50 deposit guarantees (that) people return the boats after their hour has finished.
  El depòsit de 50 lliures garanteix que la gent torni les barques després que s'acabi l'hora.
  2) The treaty doesn't guarantee what we consider to be basic rights.
  El tractat no garanteix el que considerem els drets bàsics.

Índex
hateno agradar (gens), odiar
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I'd hate to lose control of the situation.
  No m'agradaria gens perdre el control de la situació.
  2) I hate to tell you, but you have no choice.
  Em sap greu dir-t'ho, però no tens opcions.

GERUNDI
  I hate driving in Barcelona.
  No m'agrada gens conduir per Barcelona.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I hate them to look over my shoulder.
  No m'agrada gens que em mirin sobre l'espatlla.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) I hate for him to know what I do at night.
  No m'agrada gens que sàpiga què faig a la nit.
  2) I'd hate for you to think I wasn't grateful to you.
  No m'agradaria gens que pensessis que no t'ho vaig agrair.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  She hates my/me criticizing her parents.
  A ella no li agrada gens que jo critiqui els seus pares.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I hate that he won't talk about his feelings.
  No m'agrada gens que no parli dels seus sentiments.
  2) She hates what they have done to her country.
  Odia el que han fet al seu país.

Índex
have had hadfer
COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  1) I'll have my secretary send you a copy tomorrow.
  Faré que el meu secretari t'enviï una còpia demà.
  2) They had me repeat my instructions out loud.
  Em van fer repetir les meves instruccions en veu alta.

Índex
hear heard heardsentir
COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  1) We heard them coming up the stairs.
  Els hem sentit que pujaven les escales.
  2) I heard/I could hear someone calling my name.
  Sentia algú que cridava el meu nom.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  We heard them come in.
  Els vàrem sentir entrar.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I hear (that) you're leaving.
  He sentit dir que marxaràs.
  2) Have you heard what's happened?
  Heu sentit què ha passat?

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  I still haven't heard who they've chosen.
  Encara no he sentit dir qui han triat.

Índex
helpajudar
SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  Joan helped pull down the shutters.
  En Joan va ajudar a abaixar la persiana.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  We'll help you bring in the furniture from the garden.
  T'ajudarem a entrar les cadires del jardí.

Índex
hesitatedubtar (vacil·lar)
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I hesitated to put my questions into words.
  Dubtava a expressar amb paraules les meves preguntes.
  2) She hesitated to pick up the phone.
  Dubtava a despenjar l'auricular.

Índex
hopeesperar
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I hope to visit Ireland this year.
  Aquest any espero visitar Irlanda.
  2) We hope to get there before six.
  Esperem arribar-hi abans de les sis.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I hope (that) we have enough money.
  Espero que tinguem prou diners.
  2) I hope (that) our team wins tomorrow.
  Espero que demà guanyi el nostre equip.

Índex
imagineimaginar
GERUNDI
  I can't imagine living in a big city.
  No em puc imaginar viure en una ciutat gran.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I can't imagine anyone saying this to his face!
  No em puc imaginar que algú li digui això a la cara!

Índex
informinformar
COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  Please inform us who to get in touch with.
  Si us plau digueu-nos amb qui hauríem de contactar.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Would you please inform us when the next bus leaves?
  Seria tan amable a informar-nos quan surt el proper autobús?

Índex
insistinsistir
THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  An official spokesman insists that the President hasn't acted illegally.
  Un portaveu oficial insisteix que el President no hagi actuat il·legalment.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  1) I insisted that we be allowed to come in.
  Vaig insistir que poguéssim entrar-hi.
  2) They insist that he do what they want.
  Insisteixen que faci el que volen ells.

Índex
intendtenir la intenció, pensar, proposar-se, voler
TO INFINITIVE
  We had intended to stop by to say hello, but we didn't have time.
  Havíem pensat de passar i fer-vos una visita, però no teníem temps.

GERUNDI
  A good business plan will tell the person reading it what the business intends doing.
  Un bon pla d'empresa informarà a la persona que el llegeix què es proposa de fer l'empresa.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  He intended his words to have a deep significance.
  Volia que les seves paraules tinguessin un significat profund.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  1) He intended that man and woman should join together as one.
  Tenia la intenció que l'home i la dona s'ajuntessin com una sola persona.
  2) They didn't intend that he be punished so severely.
  No es proposaven que ell fos castigat tan severament.

Índex
justifyjustificar
GERUNDI
  It's hard to justify spending so much money for something we'll only use once a year.
  És difícil justificar gastar tants diners per una cosa que només farem servir un cop l'any.

Índex
keep kept keptcontinuar, fer continuar
GERUNDI
  1) Keep trying; you're bound to get it right sooner or later.
  Continua provant-ho (No deixis de provar-ho); segurament que tard o d'hora te'n sortiràs.
  2) She kept telling me that I should have loved her.
  Ella continuava dient-me que jo hauria d'haver-la estimada.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  They kept us working well into the night.
  Ens van fer continuar treballant fins a altes hores (de la nit).

Índex
know knew knownsaber
INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  1) He doesn't even know how to write his own name.
  No sap ni escriure el seu propi nom.
  2) I wouldn't know what to do if you ever left me.
  No sabria què fer si mai em deixessis.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I know (that) he hasn't done anything wrong.
  Sé que no ha fet res dolent.
  2) He knew what it meant, but not what he was supposed to do about it.
  Sabia el que volia dir, però no què havia de fer per això.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) Do you know where they want to have dinner?
  Saps on volen sopar?
  2) I didn't know whose jacket it was.
  No sabia de qui era la jaqueta.

Índex
learnaprendre
TO INFINITIVE
  1) Learning to throw a boomerang takes time and patience.
  Falta temps i paciència per a aprendre a tirar un bumerang.
  2) They soon learned not to trust their neighbors.
  Aviat van aprendre a no fiar-se dels veïns.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  Have you learned where to go in case of fire?
  Heu après on s'ha d'anar en cas de foc?

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) We've learned that what seems to be true often isn't.
  Hem après que el que sembla cert sovint no ho és.
  2) They've learned what we've taught them and little else.
  Han après el que els hem ensenyat i poca cosa més.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) I want to learn why some kidney transplants fail.
  Vull aprendre per què alguns transplantaments de runyó no tenen èxit.
  2) First you'll have to learn which tools to use.
  Primer hauràs d'aprendre quines eines es fan servir.

Índex
let let letdeixar (permetre)
COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  1) I don't let the little things get me down.
  No deixo que les coses poc importants em deprimeixin.
  2) They don't let their children watch violent programs onTV.
  No deixen que els seus fills mirin programes violents per la televisió.

Índex
likeestimar una mica, agradar
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I don't like to talk with people who always agree with me.
  No m'agrada parlar amb la gent que sempre està d'acord amb mi.
  2) Do you like to ski?
  T'agrada esquiar?

GERUNDI
  1) Do you really like listening to this fellow?
  De debò t'agrada escoltar aquest home?
  2) I don't like driving at night.
  No m'agrada conduir de nit.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) I don't like my wife to work.
  No m'agrada que treballi la meva dona.
  2) He likes her to sing for him.
  A ell li agrada que ella li canti.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I like for you to be still.
  M'agrada que estiguis quieta.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  Her parents didn't like him coming around so often.
  Els seus pares no els agradava que ell vingués tan sovint.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I like that he takes the game very, very seriously.
  M'agrada que prengui molt seriosament el joc.
  2) I don't like what they do.
  No m'agrada el que fan.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Do you like who we've chosen for our leader?
  T'agrada qui hem triat per cap nostre?

Índex
longdelir-se, tenir moltes ganes
TO INFINITIVE
  I long to be with you again.
  Em deleixo de tornar a estar amb tu.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  She longed for the war to end.
  Anhelava que s'acabés la guerra.

Índex
loveencantar
TO INFINITIVE
  I love to eat cherries.
  M'encanto de menjar cireres.

GERUNDI
  She loved skiing in the mountains.
  A ella li encantava d'esquiar a la muntanya.

Índex
make made madefer, obligar, forçar
COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  1) We'll make him tell the truth.
  Li farem dir (L'obligarem a dir) la veritat.
  2) You can't make a horse drink.
  No pots obligar un cavall a beure.
  3) They can't make me do what I don't want.
  No em poden forçar a fer el que no vull.

Índex
manageaconseguir, arribar a
TO INFINITIVE
  1) We finally managed to find a place to park.
  Per fi vam arribar a trobar un lloc per a aparcar.
  2) How do you manage to get their attention?
  Com aconsegueixes que et facin cas?

Índex
mean meant meant1 voler dir, significar 2 tenir la intenció, pensar, proposar-se
TO INFINITIVE
  1) We meant to leave on Thursday but have had to change our plans.
  Pensàvem marxar dijous però hem hagut de canviar els plans.
  2) I mean to marry that woman!
  Tinc la intenció de casar-me amb aquella dona!

GERUNDI
  Accepting that job would mean having to get up before six a.m.
  Acceptar aquella feina voldria dir haver de llevar-te abans de les sis del matí.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I don't know whether he meant me to see them or not.
  No sé si ell tenia la intenció que jo els veiés o no.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I didn't mean for this to happen.
  No (tenia la intenció / era la meva intenció) que això succeís.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) He means (that) the teachers are lazy and not doing their job.
  Ell vol dir que els mestres són ganduls i no fan la seva feina.
  2) The bad weather meant (that) we had to delay our trip.
  El mal temps significà que vam haver d'ajornar el viatge.
  3) I mean what I say and I say what I mean.
  Vull dir el que dic i dic el que vull dir.

Índex
mindimportar-se
GERUNDI
  Do you mind waiting a bit?
  T'importa esperar una mica?

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I don't mind him talking so much, I just wish he had something original to say.
  No m'importa que parli tant, només desitjaria que tingués alguna cosa interessant a dir.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) She didn't mind that we were there.
  No li importava que hi fóssim.
  2) I don't mind what anyone says, you're the one for me.
  No m'importa el que digui algú, ets la persona per a mi!

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  I don't mind who wins.
  No m'importa qui guanyi.

Índex
misstrobar a faltar, enyorar
GERUNDI
  I miss walking through the snow.
  Trobo a faltar caminar per la neu.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I miss him singing in the shower.
  Trobo a faltar que canti a la dutxa.

Índex
neednecessitar
TO INFINITIVE
  We need to know what we can expect from you.
  Necessitem saber què podem esperar de tu.

GERUNDI
  The house needs painting.
  Cal pintar la casa / A la casa li falta una capa de pintura.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I need you to help me.
  Necessito que m'ajudis.

Índex
neglectdescuidar-se, oblidar-se
TO INFINITIVE
  1) He neglected to tell us about the risks.
  Es va descuidar d'informar-nos dels riscos.
  2) Don't neglect to sign the petition!
  No t'oblidis de signar la petició!

Índex
noticenotar, adonar-se, veure
COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  When she noticed the deer grazing by the campsite, she ran for her camera.
  Quan veié els cérvols pasturant al costat del càmping, va córrer a buscar la càmera.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) Since I've been here I've noticed that I've gotten much better.
   Des que estic aquí noto que he millorat molt.
  2) I hadn't noticed what the were doing.
  No m'havia adonat què feien.

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Did you notice where they went?
  T'has adonat d'on han anat?

Índex
offeroferir
TO INFINITIVE
  1) She offered to drive us there.
  Es va oferir per acompanyar-nos-hi (amb cotxe).
  2) I don't think they've offered to help you, have they?
  Em sembla que no s'han ofert a ajudar-te, oi?

Índex
orderordenar (manar)
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  They ordered him to stop.
  Li van ordenar que parés.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  The commander ordered that the soldiers be ready to move out at dawn.
  El comandant va ordenar que els soldats estiguessin a punt per marxar a l'alba.

Índex
permitpermetre
TO INFINITIVE
  They were permitted to leave.
  Els van permetre de marxar.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  They permitted him to carry a gun.
  Li van permetre de portar una arma de foc.

Índex
plantenir la intenció, pensar, proposar-se
TO INFINITIVE
  We plan to leave tomorrow night.
  Pensem marxar demà a la nit.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  Joan told his little sister that he had planned for them to run away from home.
  En Joan va dir a la seva germaneta que s'havia proposat que s'escapessin de casa.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  We still haven't planned where to spend our honeymoon.
  Encara no hem pensat on passarem la lluna de mel.

Índex
practiceassajar
GERUNDI
  He wants to practice walking on his hands.
  Vol assajar de caminar amb les mans.

WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  They practiced what we'd shown them.
  Van assajar el que els havíem ensenyat.

Índex
praypregar
FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We'll pray for you to succeed.
  Pregarem que tinguis èxit.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  They prayed that their father recover from his illness.
  Van pregar que el seu pare es recuperés de la malaltia.

Índex
preferestimar-se més, preferir
TO INFINITIVE
  He prefers to sleep outdoors.
  S'estima més dormir a fora.

GERUNDI
  Do you prefer working alone or in groups?
  T'estimes més treballar sol o en grup?

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We prefer him to get an eduction.
  Ens estimem més que faci els estudis.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I'd prefer for them to come later in the week.
  Preferia que vinguessin pels caps de setmana.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I'd prefer (that) you didn't tell them what you've seen here.
  M'estimaria més que no els diguessis el que has vist aquí.
  2) Jonah preferred what he wanted rather than what God wanted.
  Jonàs va preferir el que ell volia en lloc del que volia Déu.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  I prefer that he be with me.
  M'estimo més que estigui amb mi.

Índex
pretendfer veure
TO INFINITIVE
  1) They only pretended to like him.
  Només feia veure que els agradava.
  2) I pretended not to notice.
  Feia veure que no me n'adonava.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  Pretend (that) you don't see them.
  Fes veure que no els veus.

Índex
promiseprometre
TO INFINITIVE
  1) You've promised to love, honor and cherish your wife.
  Has promès estimar, honorar i apreciar profundament la teva dona.
  2) I promise to tell you the moment I know anything new.
  Et prometo que t'ho diré de seguida que sàpiga res de nou.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) I promised them to take them to the beach.
  Els vaig prometre que els portaria a la platja.
  2) He promised me to always be faithful.
  Em va prometre que sempre seria fidel.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I promise (that) I'll never tell your secrets.
  Prometo que mai no revelaré els teus secrets.
  2) Politicians promise what they can't deliver.
  La classe política promet el que no pot complir.

Índex
quit quit quitdeixar (parar)
GERUNDI
  I must quit smoking!
  He de deixar de fumar!

WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  He quit what he was doing and came with us.
  Va deixar el que feia i va venir amb nosaltres.

Índex
recommendrecomanar
GERUNDI
  Doctors recommend walking for half an hour every day.
  Els metges recomanen caminar cada dia durant mitja hora.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  We recommend that he stay in school until the end of the term.
  Recomanem que es quedi al col·legi fins al final del trimestre.

Índex
refusenegar-se
TO INFINITIVE
  1) He refused to (even) discuss the matter.
  Es negava a (ni tan sols) parlar de l'afer.
  2) I refuse to get involved in it.
  Em nego a ficar-m'hi.

Índex
regret — 1 saber greu, lamentar 2 penedir-se
TO INFINITIVE
  I regret to say that your son has a reputation for corruption.
  Em sap greu dir que el teu fill té fama de corrupte.

GERUNDI
  I regret lending him my car.
  Em penedeixo d'haver-li deixat el meu cotxe.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) He regretted that he hadn't been more patient.
  Es penedia de no haver tingut més paciència.
  2) I'll never regret what we've done this evening.
  No em penediré mai del que hem fet aquest vespre.

Índex
rememberrecordar
TO INFINITIVE
  1) Remember to turn out the lights.
  Recorda't de tancar els llums.
  2) They didn't remember to ask him where he'd been.
  No es recordaven de demanar-li on havia estat.

GERUNDI
  I don't remember meeting them.
  No recordo d'haver-los conegut.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I remember them coming into class the first day of school.
  Els recordo com entraven a classe el primer dia del curs.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  I may wander, but I always remember who to come back to.
  Pot ser que m'esgarriï, però sempre recordo a qui he de tornar.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I just remembered that today is the shortest day of the year.
  Acabo de recordar que avui és el dia més curt de l'any.
  2) Do you remember what we talked about?
  Recordes del que vam parlar?

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  1) I can't remember who they were.
  No recordo qui eren.
  2) Do you remember whose they are?
  Recordes a qui pertanyen?

Índex
remindrecordar, fer pensar
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) Remind me to call Esther.
  Fes-me pensar a trucar a l'Esther.
  2) You'll have to remind him to speak slowly.
  Hauràs de recordar-li que parli a poc a poc.

Índex
requestdemanar
TO INFINITIVE
  They were requested to assist the police.
  Van demanar que ajudessin la policia.
  The butler requested her to accompany him.
El majordomo li va demanar que l'acompanyés.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  The guides have requested us to keep together.
  Els guies ens han demanat que ens quedem junts.

FOR + COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  The embassy has requested for him to be released.
  L'ambaixada ha demanat que ell fos posat en llibertat.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  She requested that he submit the proposal to the subcommittee.
  Va demanar que presentés la proposta al subcomitè.

Índex
requireexigir
TO INFINITIVE
  We were required to do everything without using the mouse.
  Van exigir que ho féssim tot sense fer servir el ratolí.
  Students are required to attend classes.
  S'exigeix al alumnes que assisteixin a les classes.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  We require you to send us a written request.
  Exigim que ens enviïs una sol·licitud per escrit.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  They require that you first pass an oral exam.
  Exigeixen que aprobis primer un examen oral.

Índex
resistpoder estar-se, resistir
GERUNDI
  I couldn't resist taking a second helping.
  No em podia estar de repetir (prendre una segona porció de menjar).

Índex
riskarriscar-se
GERUNDI
  I can't risk losing the only woman who has ever really loved me.
  No m'arrisco a perdre l'única dona que mai m'ha estimat de debò.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  We didn't want to risk them finding out about it.
  No ens volíem arriscar que ho esbrinessin.

Índex
see saw seenveure
COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I saw her dancing in the moonlight.
  La vaig veure ballant a la llum de la lluna.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  We saw them go in.
  Els vam veure entrar.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I can see that you've been shopping.
  Es veu que has anat de compres.
  2) Can you see what I see?
  Veus el que veig jo?

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  When we saw who it was, we locked the doors.
  Quan vam veure qui era, vam tancar les portes amb clau.

Índex
seemsemblar
TO INFINITIVE
  We seem to have come to a dead end.
  Sembla que hem arribat a un punt mort.

THAT + SUBORDINADA
  It seems that we're going to have to tell them about it.
  Sembla que haurem d'explicar-los-hi.

Índex
startcomençar
TO INFINITIVE
  It started to rain.
  Va començar a ploure.
  When we saw the mama bear coming, we started to run.
  Quan vam veure venir l'óssa mare, vam arrencar a córrer.

GERUNDI
  1) We started drinking vodka and making toasts; after that, I can't remember anything.
  Vam començar a beure vodka i brindar; després d'això, no em recordo de res.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  They started me working in the parts department.
  Em van fer començar a treballar al magatzem de peces de recanvi.

Índex
stopparar
TO INFINITIVE
  We stopped to have lunch.
  Vam parar per dinar.

GERUNDI
  1) They never stop talking.
  No paren mai de parlar.
  2) We should stop having sex until we get married.
  Hauríem de deixar de tenir relacions sexuals fins que es casem.

Índex
suggestsuggerir
TO INFINITIVE
  It was suggested to do further research before publishing anything.
  Se suggeria fer més recerca abans de publicar res.

GERUNDI
  I'd suggest leaving Bub with your parents.
  Suggeria deixar el Bub amb els teus pares.

INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  Can anyone suggest where to start?
  Algú pot suggerir on hauríem de començar?

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Ask students to suggest how they might improve the course.
  Demana als alumnes que suggereixin com millorarien el curs.

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  1) They suggested (that) we be ready by seven-thirty.
  Han suggerit que estiguéssim a punt no més tard que dos quarts de vuit.
  2) I suggest (that) you take an umbrella.
  Suggereixo que porteu un paraigua.

Índex
teach taught taughtensenyar (instruir)
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  Who taught you to juggle?
  Qui et va ensenyar de fer jocs malabars?

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) Socrates taught that speech-making is worthless as a means to imparting wisdom.
  Socrates deia que per a donar saviesa, els discursos no valen res.
  2) I teach what I've been taught.
  Ensenyo el que m'han ensenyat.

Índex
tell told tolddir, informar
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  They told me to leave the tools in the garage.
  M'han dit que deixés les eines al garatge.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + TO INFINITIVE
  I don't like people telling me what to do.
  No m'agrada que la gent em diguin què he de fer.

COMPL. OBJ. + INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Did they tell you when we were supposed to get there?
  Et van dir quan havíem d'arribar-hi?

Índex
tempttemptar
TO INFINITIVE
  I was tempted to give it up as a bad job.
  Estava temptat d'abandonar-ho com a inútil.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  She tempted him to do what he'd never done before.
  El va temptar a fer el que mai no havia fet.

Índex
think thought thoughtpensar
TO INFINITIVE
  Sorry, I didn't think to tell you anything about it.
  Em sap greu, no pensava dir-te'n res.

THAT/WHAT + SUBORDINADA
  1) I thought (that) he'd done a very good job.
  Pensava que havia fet molt bona feina.
  2) He thinks what everybody else thinks.
  Pensa el que pensen tots els altres.

Índex
tryintentar
TO INFINITIVE
  We were trying to hide the dog under the bed when the door suddenly opened.
  Intentàvem amagar el gos a sota el llit quan de repent s'obrí la porta.

GERUNDI
  Have you tried putting an ad in the paper?
  Ho heu intentat posant un anunci al diari?

Índex
urgeinstar, recomanar molt
COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  I urge you to reconsider!
  Insto que reflexionis!

THAT + SUBORDINADA SUBJUNTIVA
  Authorities have urged that children be kept out of the area.
  Les autoritats insten que no es deixi que els nens entrin a l'àrea.

Índex
wantvoler, caldre
TO INFINITIVE
  1) I want to tell you all I feel.
  Vull dir-te tot el que sento.
  2) She didn't want to tell them where she'd been.
  No volia dir-los on havia estat.

GERUNDI
  The wine wants a little cooling.
  Cal refrescar una mica el vi.

COMPL. OBJ. + TO INFINITIVE
  1) They want me to help them set up their computer.
  Volen que els ajudi a muntar el seu ordinador.
  2) I don't want the chocolate to melt.
  No vull que es fongui la xocolata.

COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  I don't want the neighbors knowing everything we do!
  No vull que els veïns sàpiguen tot el que fem!

Índex
watchmirar, vigilar
COMPL. OBJ. + GERUNDI
  We watched them playing.
  Els miràvem com jugaven.

COMPL. OBJ. + SIMPLE INFINITIVE
  We were watching the women work.
  Miràvem com treballaven les dones (lit. Mirvàvem treballar les dones).

INTERROGATIU + SUBORDINADA
  Watch what you're doing! Watch where you're going!
  Vigila què fas! Vigila on vas!

Índex

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